Glossary of Islamic Terms

Allah: the Arabic name for God; used also by Arab Christians

Fitrah: Your own internal moral compass

Hajj: The pilgrimmage obligatory upon all Muslims with the means to journey to the Holy City of Mecca and its surrounds. The fifth pillar.

Hijab: The headscarf used to completely cover the hair. A symbol of modesty and sincerity.

Ibrahim (AS): The Arabic name for Abraham (PBUH); properly followed by AS to indicate (peace be upon him) as a sign of respect accorded to all the prophets of God.

Issa (AS): The Arabic name for Jesus (PBUH); properly followed by AS to indicate (peace be upon him) as a sign of respect accorded to all the prophets of God.

Islam: peace, submission to God

Jihad: exertion or struggle for the cause of God, not to invoke terror.

Moosa (AS): The Arabic name for Moses (PBUH); properly followed by AS to indicate (peace be upon him) as a sign of respect accorded to all the prophets of God.

Muhammed (PBUH): Name of the final messeger of Allah; most often followed interchangeably by PBUH (peace and blessings upon him) or SAW (sallalahu alayhi wasallam)

Niqab: The optional covering veil over the face for Muslim women.

Quran, Koran: The Holy Book of Islam; contains revelations from Allah to the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)

Ramadaan: The month in which Muslims fulfill the fasting obligation, the fourth pillar of Islam

Salaah: prayer, the second pillar of Islam

Shahada: Testimony one makes to declare oneself a Muslim; under Islam witnesses are not required for this very simple process. The first pillar.

Zakat: a 2.5% yearly tax incumbent upon Muslim who have cash savings or gold or silver, to be dedicated to improverished Muslims. The third pillar.

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5 Responses to Glossary of Islamic Terms

  1. Udhel says:

    Zakat is not a tax. there are various differences between Zakat and tax. it can somehow be translated as ‘Poor-due’ though still it doesn’t serve the whole cause.

    it’s obligatory for Muslims RICHER than a limited level only.

    it must be delivered only to the OWNERSHIP of very poor Muslims who are not in close relation with the giver.

    it can not be spent otherwise, like in social activities, making infrastructures etc. or in the defense of a country etc. etc.

    it is not necessary to be a govt. like system there to receive Zakat. though one can handover it to any organization or individual making sure that it’s finally going to be delivered only to ownership of eligible poor Muslims.

    these are the major apparent differences between Zakat and tax.

  2. Udhel, Shukran for the information you have provided on zakat. It is always so difficult to translate words precisely from one language to another. Poor-due is a wonderful way of stating it. Thank you once again.

  3. Udhel says:

    glad 2 kno that u liked it. anyway, don’t alter your comments every now and then like this.:)

  4. What are you talking about? Changing my comments?

  5. Passerby says:

    Assalaam alaikum
    Just to add that God literally in arabic is Ilah, but Allah is the one and only God because you can’t change the word.
    very lovely blog btw, keep it up ! 🙂

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